The Kasauli Cantonment was established by the British Raj in 1850 as a colonial hill station,77 km from Shimla, 65 km from Chandigarh, and 94 km from Ambala Cantt (Haryana), an important Railway Junction of North India. The town is a health resort, having an elevation of 1,900 metres above sea level.

Total area of Kasauli cantonment is 688.0626 Ac. In which civil area is 43.5607Ac. The legend of the town states that it came into existence after Lord Hanuman placed his feet here.In order to advance on to the Sanjeevani hill, The place where the lord actually kept his feet is believed to be at a hillock which is 300 high.Historically, Kasauli is one of those hill stations that was developed by the British empire during its peak period in India.